Growth of RSS in Ranchi After ’67 Riots

A RSS drill in progress


The RSS is now-a-days very active in Ranchi city where it has occupied parks, playgrounds, and school grounds for daily shakhas.

In the Heavy EngineeringCorporation the development of the RSS has been extraordinary. Before the communal riots there were only a few members, but now in the HEC the number of the “Swaymsewaks” is near three thousand.

They attend their shakhas every morning. The evening classes are exclusively for children, who are under the special care of the RSS, as the German children were under the special care of the Nazi Youth Organisation.

On Sunday’s instead of holding their “shakhas” at different places, they gather in the HEC stadium for a common “Shakha”.

Mr. Y.B. Chavan told the Rajya Sabha that according to information received from the HEC authorities, RSS “shakhas” are held within the township of the Corporation, though no permission has been given for holding shakhas by the Corporation authorities.

After the August’67 riots, the Muslim employees of the HEC were moved into the “Artisan Hostel”, for safety. The HEC chairman held consultations to persuade them to go back their quarters.

To give them security, it was decided that they should be given a group of 100 houses on Site 5 of Sector II, where there were already 40 houses that had been vacated by them.

If 50 to 60 more houses could be made available by the residents of the locality, the management could arrange for their accommodation.

The HEC management desires to house the Muslim employees in such a way as to facilitate integration on the one hand and create a sense of security on the other.

So a general appeal was issued by the management to certain residents of the township asking them to vacate their houses purely on a voluntary basis.

But the RSS and the Jana Sangh spread rumours about a separate concentration of Muslim employees. They brought out a procession in the HEC breaking Section 144, IPC. The uproar continued throughout the day and the night.

Their food was supplied during the period of dharna by the rich Seths of Ranchi. The private sector fears socialism above all things and believes that the RSS us a safeguard of their vested interests.

The HEC ex-chairman, Mr. K.D. Malaviya, took some measures to establish communal amity in the organisation. His various programmes to increase production have borne some fruit. Production of the machine plant as well as foundry and machine tool production has increased considerably.

The RSS does not like it and is trying to block progress.

RSS Training

The RSS trains its members through parades, P.T., the use of lathi, spear and such other weapons as do not require licence. The historical stories told in the ‘shakhas’ are such as to instil communal hatred in the people.

Stories in which Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and other communities fought shoulder to shoulder in order to win independence during 1857-1947 are ignored. Their slogan is, “Where there is a Muslim, there is a Pakistan.”

In these shakhas children from a very tender age are taught to look upon what Guru Golwalkar says as gospel truth.

Once in a month members of various branches are brought together in rallies. Once in a year, the Swayamsewaks carrying lathis and other weapons move round the town. (Not in villages, because there are no big businessmen there).

Training is given to members for working as officials in the organisation during summer vacation.

Members are divided into ‘pathikas’: according to age. ‘Shishu Pathika’ is for boys between 6 and 10 years of age, ‘Bal Pathika’ for those between 10 and 16, ‘Kishore Pathika’ for 16-20, and those above 20 are admitted into ‘Purush Pathika’.

In the ‘shakhas’ there is a ‘Mukhya Shikshak’ who is under a ‘Karyavah’ and a ‘Sangh Chalak’.

Their uniform is khaki half-pants, white shirts and black caps. In the ‘shakha’ they first salute the ‘Bhagwa Dhwaj’ and then the ‘Mukhya Shikshak’. They go there with a stick in hand.

There are three wings of the RSS. Among the students there is Vidyarthi Parishad. Through this organisation it prepares volunteers and workers for the Jana Sangh. In the political field there is the Jana Sangh. Among the workers the RSS organisation is the Bharatiya  Mazdoor Sangh.

Hitler and the Nazi Party maintained that elimination of Jews was necessary for the survival of the German race.

The same fascist propaganda technique is adopted by the RSS. If an accused in a murder case is a Muslim, the whole community is described as murderous.

In Ranchi the police recently rounded up four goondas. They were Muslims. A former Jana Sangh MLA immediately started a rumour that the Muslim community was collecting arms and ammunition and all the Muslims were supporters of these goondas.

The conception of the RSS from the very beginning was pro-British and anti-Muslim. The history of the freedom movement shows that the through communal riots the RSS stabbed the national movement in the back.

According to the RSS there are three enemies of India — non-Hindus, Communists, and those who talk of democratic socialism.

The ‘Guru’ is anti-socialist and anti-democratic because these traits have failed to make people patriotic. In his opinion, equality is possible only on the level of the spirit. He is very angry with freedom of speech, while using it fully himself.

Frontier, Kolkata, 18 January, 1969

Frontier, 18 January 1969



One Reply to “Growth of RSS in Ranchi After ’67 Riots”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.