Bihar CPI(ML) Political Report 1970

Busts of Lenin, Stalin, Mao, Lin Piao and Charu Mazumdar outside a Naxalbari school. It was CPI(ML) ideologue Charu Mazumdar who had taken Naxalites onto the path of ‘annihilation of class enemy, triggering a mayhem of violence. Pic courtesy Indian Express

It was a scoop. But I had not realised it at at that time!

In its issue of May 9, 1970, Frontier, a favourite among  far-Left intellectuals and activists, carried a report on the CPI (ML)’s Bihar State conference. The report quoted extensively from the political report passed at the conference. It was an internal party document with restricted circulation.

The report outlined future plans of the party and revealed the leadership’s line on “mistakes” committed by the party in the past. No wonder, among the avid and regular readers of Frontier were intelligence sleuths and scholars interested in polemics of various Naxal groups.

Pl click on the link below to access the PDF of the reoport:

Bihar CPI(ML) Political Report 1970 Frontier 9 May 1970

Frontier 9 May 1970 P1
Frontier 9 May 1970 P2
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The political report passed by the Bihar State CPI(ML) at their last conference deals with the fundamental tasks of the Indian revolution, with special reference to Bihar. It was the first conference since the CPI(ML) was formed in 1969.

Some points from the report:

  • The character of the society in Bihar is semi-feudal and semi-colonial.


  • The population of landless peasants rose to 40 per cent from the pre-1947 figure of 30 per cent of total rural population.
  • Debt-slavery has turned into semi-slaves 70 per cent of the rural who have to take loans in the lean months at exorbitant interest.
  • The primitive wooden implements of production, ownership of 40 per cent of land by 3 per cent of the population, two-third of total cultivable land under the system of share-cropping, debt-slavery, the social oppression based on the caste system, the social status of Harijans, all these are solid and clear proof that the society in Bihar is semi-feudal in character.


  • The economy is semi-colonial, besides being semi-feudal. One aspect is the tremendous increase in foreign investments in India. Other examples are the more than 2000 collaboration industries and the absolute control of imperialists over the import-export trade as a result of which every year more than Rs 250 crore are pumped out of the country as profit.
  • The State sector is new colonial device, with USSR controlling ¼ of iron and steel industries, ½ of oil refineries and 1/5 of electric power. It is a clear device to exploit our cheap labour power and raw material. The State sector is a form of state monopoly capitalism, i.e. bureaucratic capitalism.

Annihilation of class enemy

  • Other group of Naxalites are getting funds from doubtful sources and are also enjoying facilities of publishing and freedom of movement in conducting slander campaign against CPI(ML).


  • It was wrong to set up Birsa Seva Dal as a national mass organisation and expect it to initiate and lead an anti-feudal and anti-State struggle.
  • The state committee could not propagate the slogan of ‘boycott election’ in an effective manner. Some party units and cadres joined the election campaign of this or that party.
  • During Mushahari struggle four mistakes were committed – economism in the leadership, tendency to wait for “fair days” in the face of repression, dependence of experts and training to launch guerrilla warfare, dependence on modern weapons.
  • In Champaran the party went for the petty-bourgeois deviation of relying on middle peasants and not integrating with the landless and poor peasantry.

Excerpts from Frontier 9 May 1970

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